How Democracy deals with poverty?

Our society is a combination of different sects and tribes in which people are further known by being rich or poor and sometimes that leads us to loopholes and abstain from treating every person equally in our modern society. 

So the people are known by the two  categories depends on which one they fall in i.e Rich and the Poor; as both of them have an immense role in nation-building in the sense that one runs the agency and other works in that.

Who is Rich?

A Rich person is the one who has been able to acquire wealth or has resources to generate more and more revenue through various modes of business or make money by employment.

Who is Poor?

A poor person is the one who has less money or has limited resources to generate money for his own survival or his dependents.

How Democracy Deals with poverty?

Every country has a group of leaders to run its affairs. Some countries are having dictators who have an upper control in running their affairs of state and some got elected their leaders by the people through voting giving birth to democracies.

For democratic countries, it has always been challenging to fight against poverty and bring poor people out of this disaster. But most of the countries have failed despite taking steps to overcome poverty.

Countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and many other countries are the worst hit by poverty which has been a great challenge for them over several decades. Poverty sometimes increases the crime rate in society as the struggle for existence has been a major challenge always for a human being. 

Developed Countries

In some developed countries like the United States of America, some people are homeless and pass their nights on the streets. Moreover, poverty has been a global challenge that needs to get prioritized and help the poor to overcome this disaster. 

However, some countries have taken steps individually in addition to their contribution to global organizations.

In democratic countries, various government schemes are meant for poor people to uplift them in their lives. There are more vulnerable groups who have been ignored by a large section of society over the years.

In India, the worlds largest democracy, the government has introduced schemes like Jhan Dhan Yojana, PM Kisan Yojana, MNREGA which have made a big impact on the lives of poor people  by  uplifting them at par with the above poverty line households.

The Schemes like Indira Awas Yojana or Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana, the most remarkable scheme meant for below poverty line households to have a concreted  (Pacca) house structure has  made a big impact on the lives of poor people by not only generating employment but by  uplifting them and made possible that every mud house is replaced by a concreted or a pacca one.

There has also  been a separate scheme for the construction of 100 million toilets in rural India to make India “Open defecation free” which has also been a major development in one of the democratic nations which not only lowered the water pollution but also the health risk factors of poor people in rural India.

New Housing Scheme

In Pakistan a year ago the “New Housing Scheme” was launched by the Prime Minister of Pakistan to provide new houses for the people of the country which is also the worst hit democratic nation by poverty

This scheme was meant to make 5 million houses affordable to all the Pakistanis to uplift them in their lives and fight poverty in the country.

There are various other schemes framed by the Government of India which are meant for the below poverty line households whether it is related to their food security or health care.

Recently the Ayushman Bharat scheme launched by the government of India got remarkable appreciation by the poor people of the country as it facilitates them with a  free medical care and has a benefit cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year, for which they become eligible after a simple registration process.

Public Distribution System

The Schemes like Public Distribution System related to food security has guaranteed the fixed amount of quantity of food on the monthly basis to all the sections of  society particularly the poor people.
The Direct Benefit Transfer schemes which include the transactions related to   the delivery of  Liquefied Petroleum Gas either on subsidy rates or the aspects covered under the scheme which has made possible that every household living under the Below Poverty Line category was given a free cooking LPG Stove along with the cylinder has made a big change on the lives of poor people living in rural areas. 

By this the rural womenfolk was able to  get rid of traditional cooking ways  resulted in low smoke production which has immensely contributed to controlling the air-pollution and decline in health risk factors like asthma among rural people.

The Job Guarantee scheme in India under MNREGA for the poor people has been  the remarkable scheme which has not only made the development of rural areas possible but the locals have been able to get their work daily and securing their day to day earning. 

This scheme has made a significant change in the lives of poor people and for the government, this scheme has also been a landmark in fighting against poverty in the country.

Also, Read "Selfish People"

In addition to these schemes more needs to be done to overcome poverty in countries like India and Pakistan will not only prove beneficial for them by eradicating it but will also increase the pace of development. 

Providing free education to the children of poor people may be one of the great achievements of democratic countries as that will help them to achieve their goal of eradicating poverty at the grass-root level. 

This will uplift the poor people and made them sustainable who will be able to contribute towards the growth of their nation and live better than ever before.

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